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All about Yoghurt
Yoghurt is typically sour and milky, and its texture range from runny to chunky. A wide range of yoghurt is easily available in most supermarkets, and with such great health benefits and delicious taste to boot, there really isn’t a reason not to stock up on these dairy products.
Made from non-fat milk, non-fat yoghurt contains less fat than low-fat yoghurt. It is especially helpful for those seeking to lose weight or maintain weight – more so than low-fat yoghurt – as it reduces fat in the diet. However, non-fat yoghurts are also likely to be less nutritious than low-fat and full-fat yoghurts, as it may contain less calcium and protein. Studies also caution against non-fat yoghurts with added fruits, syrups, sugar, starch and sweeteners, as these substances might result in a high calorie content in non-fat yoghurt. Compared to full-fat or low-fat yoghurt, non-fat yoghurt is less flavourful and rich, and its texture is less creamy.
The texture and taste of Greek yoghurt is distinctively different from other yoghurts. As more whey (watery part of milk that remains when milk is curdled) is strained out of Greek yogurt, it is a whole lot thicker and creamier compared to other yoghurt. By removing the whey, it results in less sugar and carbohydrates, and significantly more protein compared to regular yoghurt. High protein content also helps in promoting fullness. Though some calcium may be through the straining process, Greek yoghurt still packs a punch. It taste a lot tangier and less sweet compared to other yoghurt, and for those who like their yoghurt to be a bit sweeter, honey can be added. Greek yoghurt also stands up to heat better than many other yoghurts, and hence it is good for cooking. It can also be used as a healthy substitution for sour cream and dips.
Swiss-style yogurt (also known as stirred yogurt) is made from cultured milk that is incubated in a large vat, then cooled and stirred for a smooth, creamy consistency. To offset the natural sourness of yoghurt, fruit and other flavourings are often added. It is a lot lighter and sweeter than Greek yoghurt, and it is perfect as a dessert or mixed with cold beverages.
Low-fat yoghurt is made by fermenting low-fat or skim milk, and it is fairly low in calories. Hence, it is thought to be healthier than other yoghurt, and it is highly popular with those on a diet. However, some low-fat yoghurt might be less healthy as it seems, as it contains added sugar or flavourings. It is usually a better option to add fresh fruits to yoghurt have those with added fruit and sweeteners.
Milk naturally contains lactose, which is a composite of two simple sugars: glucose and galactose. To produce yoghurt, bacterial cultures act on lactose in a lactic acid fermentation. In other words, anything made with milk will contain sugar (unless it is specially processed to have sugar removed), and yoghurt cannot be produced without sugar. Hence, sugar-free yoghurt typically means yoghurt with no added sugar. Plain full-fat yoghurt usually contains about 4.7g/100g sugar. However, the small amount of sugar on the nutrition label is naturally occurring lactose. As a general guideline, an amount over 4.7g/100g is added sugar.
Tube yoghurt is specifically marketed toward children, and it makes snacking on the go a fun and convenient affair. It can be frozen and thawed afterwards, and it can be seen as a healthy alternative to ice cream. Some fruit-flavoured variety may contain added sugars and food dyes. Nonetheless, tube yoghurt is a treat that is rich in protein.
If scooping up yoghurt with a spoon is too much hassle, drinkable yoghurt will be a perfect solution. This variety of yoghurt is relatively new, and it comes in many flavours such as blueberry and strawberry. Its texture is a whole lot more runny compared to normal yoghurts, and depending on its brand, drinkable yoghurt can be anything from viscous to watery-thin. If unflavoured, it can taste really tart, and those with flavourings may be a tad saccharine.
Frozen yoghurt (or froyo) has been all the rage in Singapore for the past couple of years. Most major shopping malls would have at least a frozen yoghurt shop which offers customers the option of adding various toppings, and whether would their frozen yogurt is served in cups or cones. Frozen yoghurt can be seen as a healthy alternative to soft-serve ice cream, and it is available in a wide variety of flavours. It usually comprises milk solids, some form of sweetener, and milk fat for that added richness. It may or may not contain live and active bacteria cultures.
Learn how to make Homemade Yoghurt
The Yoghurts featured are available at FairPrice Finest Outlets.
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